This group is actually one nation, covering a vast area of eastern Europe and
northern Asia, comprising various smaller nations who differ by culture and
language, and who have kept throughout history a certain amount of self
identity. All the listed headings were at one time or still are under Russian
influence historywise and/or politicalwise.
The Russian Empire by its totalitarian regime and oppression of the lower classes,
brought on itself the uprising of revolutionary movements. In October of 1917
the Bolshevik Revolution began by abdicating Tsar Nicholas II and an era of
civil war and almost total chaos for the Russian Nation, started. In 1918
several independent Republics were proclaimed. Stamp were issued by them as well
as by various anti-Bolshevik groups. In 1923 the U.S.S.R. (Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics) was established, a Federation of fifteen Republics which
was joined as late as 1940 by the Baltic States. During World War II, the
Germans issued stamps for areas of the U.S.S.R which were occupied by them.
Facts unique to the Russian Group:
- Most of the stamps in this group are in Cyrillic script.
- Largest number of script types: Cyrillic, Latin, Armenian, Arabic, Georgian
- Largest number of stamps issued annually for a single country (U.S.S.R).
- Some stamps had functioned also as paper money (by a special inscription on
- Some stamps were printed on the back of Maps and Banknotes (Latvia).
Countries or territories in which the Russian influence was only for a short
period of time or limited, appear under following headings:
Russian Post Offices in...
CRETE, Russian P.O.
CHINA, Russian P.O.
LEVANT, Russian P.O.
Lithuanian Occupation of...
Russian Zone - GERMANY, Zones
Russian Zone - AUSTRIA
Russian Poland - POLAND
Russian Grand Duchy - FINLAND (SUOMI)