Key: 6060  
Country:
Group: Europe, East
Volume: 65
Issued: 4351 Stamps / end of 1999
  
  
 

Information
Area - 312,680 sq.km; Population - 38,633,000; Capital - Warsaw
A Republic in north central Europe, formerly a Kingdom. Economy is based on
agriculture and industry, coal and iron are mainly exported.
Poland's history is a very turbulent one, the country actually ceasing to exist
for over one hundred years, being portioned and totally absorbed in 1795 by its
neighbors Prussia, Russia and Austria.
An uprising in 1863 led to the set up of Warsaw General Gubernia (Government),
which became a Russian province. In 1915, during World War I, several German
stamps were issued for this area overprinted 'Russisch-Polen'. Between 1916-1917
stamps were issued for the entire area known as 'General Gouvernement Warschau'.
Poland reappeared on the map of Europe in 1918, at the end of World War I, its
independence being recognized by the Versailles Treaty. Between 1925-1939,
Poland maintained a Post Offices in the Free City of Danzig (see DANZIG, Polish Post),
which is today part of it, also P.O. in LEVANT, Polish P.O., ODESSA, Polish Consular P.
and for POLAND, Military Post. On September 1st, 1939, it was entered by German forces
and again totally occupied. Stamps were then issued for the occupation of GERMANY,
known as 'General Government' stamps. In 1952 a People's Republic was established,
until 1990 when Poland became one of the first east European states to abolish the
communist regime.
First Polish stamp was issued in 1860 under Dominion of RUSSIA, inscription
reading 'ZA LOT KOP 10' marks the charge of 10 kopecks for a letter weighing
1 lot. Indirect UPU membership under Germany, Austria and Russia from July 1st,
1875. Direct since May 1st, 1919. Annual output about 60.
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Inscriptions
POCZTA POLSKA overprinted on local stamps of Poland
GEN.-GOUV.WARSCHAU overprinted in Gothic script on stamps of Germany
RUSSISCH-POLEN overprinted in Gothic script on stamps of Germany
ZA LOT KOP 10
POCZTA POLSKA overprinted on stamps of General Gouvernement Warschau
POLSKA POCZTA overprinted on stamps of Austro-Hungarian Military Post
POCZTA POLSKA overprinted on stamps of Austria
POCZTA POLSKA
POCZTA POLSKA overprinted on stamps of Germany
AERO-TARG:POZNAN 1921.
DEUTSCHE POST OSTEN and new value surcharged on stamps of Germany
GENERAL-GOUVERNEMENT overprinted on stamps of Poland
GENERALGOUVERNEMENT
DEUTSCHES REICH GENERALGOUVERNEMENT
GROSSDEUTSCHES REICH GENERALGOUVERNEMENT
MONTE CASSINO etc... overprinted on stamps of Polish Exiled Government in London
POLSKA
GORNY SLASK

Index
POLAND
      People's Republic 1944-1990
      Exiled Government 1941-1945
         Postage Due Stamps
         Official Stamps
      German Government 1939-1945
      Republic 1918-
      German Occupation 1915-1918
      Kingdom -1863
      Republic 1990-
      Upper Silesia Issues 1921-1923
      Official Stamps
      Postage Due Stamps
 
Currency
100 Kopecks = 1 Ruble
100 Fenigi = 1 Marka (1918)
100 Halerzy = 1 Korona (1918)
100 Groszy = 1 Zloty (1924)
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Related Countries

DANZIG, Polish Post
Danzig, Polish Post

LEVANT, Polish P.O.
Levant, Polish P.o.

ODESSA, Polish Consular P.
Odessa, Polish Consular P.

POLAND, Military Post
Poland, Military Post

GERMANY
Germany

RUSSIA
Russia