Key: 5920  
Country:
Group: Europe, East
Volume: 63
Issued: 4744 Stamps / end of 1999
  
  
 

Information
Area - 93,030 sq.km; Population - 10,106,000; Capital - Budapest
A Republic in east central Europe. Economy is based on agriculture and industry.
Iron, machinery, chemicals and steel are exported.
Formerly a Monarchy and part of the Austro- Hungarian Empire under the rule of
the Austrian Emperor. The Empire broke up in 1918, as a result of World War I,
which also caused Hungary to lose the territory of TRANSYLVANIA to ROMANIA and
the territories of BANAT BACSKA and BARANYA were divided between Yugoslavia and
Romania. The area of TEMESVAR was ceded to Romania as well as the area of ARAD
which was first occupied by French forces. DEBRECEN was occupied by Romania in
1919 and later on returned to Hungary. In 1919 an anti-Bolshevist government
operated in the town of SZEGED and stamps were issued in same year. A People's
Republic was later established until 1920, when the Kingdom was restored, but
actually without a king as head of the state. The territory of WESTERN HUNGARY
(also known as Burgenland), was incorporated into AUSTRIA in 1921,
except for the small area of Sopron. During World War II Hungary sided
with Germany and in 1945 was occupied by Russian army, which assisted the local
communists to establish a People's Republic. In 1989 the communist regime was
abolished and today Hungary is a Republic.
First Hungarian stamps were issued in 1871. Direct UPU membership since July
1st, 1875. Annual output about 50.
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Inscriptions
portrait facing right value in kr
MAGYAR KIR POSTA
HADI SEGELY etc... overprinted on stamps of Hungary
KOZTARSASAG overprinted on stamps of Hungary
MAGYAR POSTA
MAGYAR TANACSKOZTARSASAG
MAGYAR TANACSKOZTARSASAG overprinted on stamps of Hungary
MAGYARORSZAG
MAGYAR NEPKOZTARSASAG
RESPUBLICA HUNGARICA

Index
HUNGARY (MAGYAR)
      Monarchy -1918
      Republic 1918-1920
      Kingdom 1920-1945
      People's Republic 1945-1989
      Republic 1989-
      Official Stamps
      Parcel Post Stamps
      Postage Due Stamps
      Journal Tax Stamps
 
Currency
100 Kreuzer = 1 Forint
100 Filler = 1 Korona (1900)
100 Filler = 1 Pengo (1926)
100 Filler = 1 Forint (1946)
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Related Countries

TRANSYLVANIA
Transylvania

ROMANIA
Romania

BANAT BACSKA
Banat Bacska

BARANYA
Baranya

TEMESVAR
Temesvar

ARAD
Arad

DEBRECEN
Debrecen

SZEGED
Szeged

WESTERN HUNGARY
Western Hungary

AUSTRIA
Austria