Key: 5900  
Country:
Group: Europe, East
Volume: 62
Issued: 5813 Stamps / end of 1999
  
  
 

Information
Area - 237,500 sq.km; Population - 22,364,000; Capital - Bucharest
A Republic in southeastern Europe, on the Black Sea, one of the five Balkan
States. Economy is based on agriculture, heavy industry and oil production.
Food and petroleum products, machinery and minerals are exported.
Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire. The state was formed in 1859 by the
unification of MOLDOVA and Walachia and in 1861 it became a Princedom, still
under Ottoman control. In 1878 full independence was achieved and a Kingdom
was established in 1881. In 1916-1917, during World War I, it was occupied
almost entirely by Austrian, Hungarian, Bulgarian and German forces.
Stamps were issued for the Bulgarian occupation of Dobrudja area (in eastern
Romania) in 1916. Stamps were also issued for the Austrian Military Post (see
under AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN MILITARY POST). After the war Romania gained control
over the territories of TRANSYLVANIA, Dobrudja (which are today part of
Romania), Bucovina, Bessarabia, TEMESVAR and eastern BANAT BACSKA. During World
War II Romania first sided with Germany, but in 1944, after it was almost
entirely occupied by Russian troops, turned against it. The Kingdom was
abolished in 1947 and a People's Republic was established. In 1989 severe
clashes with the regime occurred which resulted in executing the President, the
country becoming a Republic.
Romania also maintained overseas Post Offices in LEVANT, Romanian P.O..
First stamps were issued in 1858 for Moldavia. Direct UPU membership since July
1st, 1875. Annual output about 75.
The overprint M.V.I.R. = Militar Verwaltung in Rumanien = Mil. Admin. of Romania
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Inscriptions
PORTO GAZETEI
PORTO SCRISOREI
FRANCO SCRISOREI
ROMANA
ROMANIA
1916-1917 POST ROMANIA in Cyrillic script overprinted on stamps of Bulgaria
M.V.I.R. overprinted on stamps of Germany
M.V.I.R. in Gothic script overprinted on stamps of Germany
RUMANIEN in Gothic script overprinted on stamps of Germany
GULTIG 9. ARMEE overprinted on stamps of Germany
M.V.I.R. overprinted on stamps of Romania
GULTIG 9. ARMEE overprinted on stamps of Romania
REPUBLICA POPULARA ROMANA
R.P.ROMANA
REPUBLICA POPULARA ROMINA
R.P.ROMINA

Index
ROMANIA
      Principality of Moldavia
      Principality of Romania 1862-1880
      Kingdom 1881-1947
      Bulgarian Occupation 1916-1917
         Dobrudja District
      German Occupation 1917-1918
         Postage Due Stamps
         Postal Tax Stamps
         Postal Tax Due Stamps
      Postal Tax Due Stamps
      People's Republic 1947-1990
      Republic 1990-
      Official Stamps
      Parcel Post Stamps
      Duty-Free Labels, Franchise Stamps
      Postage Due Stamps
      Postal Tax Stamps
 
Currency
40 Parale = 1 Piaster
100 Bani = 1 Leu (1868)
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Related Countries

MOLDOVA
Moldova

AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN MILITARY POST
Austro-hungarian Military Post

TRANSYLVANIA
Transylvania

TEMESVAR
Temesvar

BANAT BACSKA
Banat Bacska

LEVANT, Romanian P.O.
Levant, Romanian P.o.