|Key: ||6670 |
|Issued: ||2858 Stamps / end of 1999|
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|Area - 377,801 sq.km; Population - 126,771,000; Capital - Tokyo
A Monarchy in the far east, group of islands, northeast of China. One of the
greatest economic world powers, with highly developed technology. Exporting
mainly motor vehicles, machinery, audiovisual appliances and textiles.
Japan isolated itself from the western world until mid of the 19th century, when
its policy changed and rapid industrialization alongside with military expansion
took place. It engaged in wars against Russia and China, seized the RYUKYU ISLANDS
in 1879, TAIWAN (FORMOSA) in 1895 and Southern Shakalin from Russia in
1905. KOREA became a protectorate in 1907 and was annexed in 1910. During World
War I Japan sided with the Allies, as a result, following the defeat of Germany,
gained control over the former German colonies in the Pacific. In 1931 it
invaded Manchuria, thus starting a general war against CHINA. By 1937 most of
the coastal territories were under Japanese control. During World War II Japan
occupied the territories of BRUNEI, BURMA, HONG KONG, MALAYA,
NETHERLANDS INDIES, NORTH BORNEO, PHILIPPINES and SARAWAK. Following its defeat
in 1945, the overseas territories were lost. In 1972 the Ryukyu Islands were
returned. Japan maintained Post Offices in China and Korea at the beginning of
the century (see CHINA, Japanese P.O. and KOREA, Japanese P.O.).
First stamps issued in 1871. Those until 1947 appeared with the symbol of the
emperor - a stylized chrysanthemum. Direct UPU membership since July 1st, 1877.
Annual output about 80.
The overprint B.C.O.F. = British Commonwealth Occupation Force
IMPERIAL JAPANESE POST
B.C.O.F. JAPAN etc... overprinted on stamps of Australia
Military Frank Stamps
British Commonwealth occup. 1946-49
|100 Mon = 1 Sen
10 Rin = 1 Sen (1872)
100 Sen = 1 Yen
China, Japanese P.o.
Korea, Japanese P.o.