|Key: ||6470 |
|Issued: ||1018 Stamps / dead country|
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|Area - 7,520,000 sq.km; Capital - Peking
Formerly an Empire in southeast Asia, until 1911 when a Republic was
established. Internal instability enabled several foreign powers to insert a
foothold in the country, and maintain Post Offices all over China, especially in
the main trade centers and ports (see CHINA, Russian P.O., CHINA, Japanese P.O.,
CHINA, British P.O., CHINA, German P.O., CHINA, Italian P.O.,
CHINA, United States P.O., CHINA, French P.O.). Following World War I several
civil wars between Kuomintang (National Party) and Communists took place.
In 1932 JAPAN overtook the province of MANCHURIA and established a puppet
state (renamed Manchukuo) with the last Manchurian Emperor of China as its head.
Later on, in 1937, a general war with Japan broke out, after which the Japanese
set up a puppet government in Nanking (see NANKING AND SHANGHAI). During that
period of time, stamps were also issued separately for the provinces of
KWANGTUNG, MENGKIANG (INNER MONGOLIA) and NORTH CHINA. The liberation war, which
temporarily united the Kuomintang and Communists, came to an end in 1945 with
the defeat of Japan in World War II. However, fighting between the two movements
was renewed and in 1949 the Chinese Peoples Republic came to existence (see
CHINA, PEOPLE'S REP.), and the Kuomintang nationalists under Chiang
Kai-shek`s leadership, fled to Formosa (see TAIWAN (FORMOSA)).
First Chinese stamps were issued in 1878, by the Maritime Post and since 1897 by
the Imperial Post, which incorporated the SHANGHAI postal service.
A characteristic feature on many of the Chinese stamps is a symbol of the sun.
Stamps were also issued for the provinces of SINKIANG (CHINESE TURKESTAN),
SZECHWAN and YUNNAN, in which there were differences in currency, and were valid
only locally. Between 1946-1950 regional stamps were issued by the communists for
areas under their control (see CHINA, People's Rep.(regional)).
In 1911 a Chinese Post Office operated in Tibet (see TIBET, Chinese P.O.).
IMPERIAL CHINESE POST
CHINESE IMPERIAL POST
THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA
REPUBLIC OF CHINA
Imperial Maritime Post 1878-1897
Chinese Imperial Post 1897-1911
Express Delivery Stamp
Military Post Stamps
Parcel Post Stamps
Postage Due Stamps
|10 Candareen = 1 Mace
10 Mace = 1 Tael
100 Cents = 1 Dollar (1897)
China, Russian P.o.
China, Japanese P.o.
China, British P.o.
China, German P.o.
China, Italian P.o.
China, United States P.o.
China, French P.o.
Nanking And Shanghai
Mengkiang (inner Mongolia)
China, People's Rep.
Sinkiang (chinese Turkestan)
China, People's Rep.(regional)
Tibet, Chinese P.o.