|Key: ||3550 |
|Issued: ||1061 Stamps / dead country|
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|Area - 471,649 sq.km; Capital - Berlin
The former German Empire, located in north central Europe, formerly known as the
NORTH GERMAN CONFEDERATION. Following the Franco-Prussian war in which France
was defeated, the German Empire came into existence in 1871 joined by BADEN,
BAVARIA and WURTTEMBERG, and later on also by HELIGOLAND (which was returned by
Great Britain in exchange for ZANZIBAR in Africa). The territory of ALSACE AND LORRAINE
was also annexed in 1871, returned to France in 1919 after World War I.
As an Empire, Germany initiated a colonial expansion which brought the acquisition
of territories in Africa - CAMEROON (KAMERUN), German East Africa (see TANGANYIKA),
German SOUTH WEST AFRICA, TOGO, in Oceania - CAROLINE ISLANDS,
MARSHALL ISLANDS, MARIANA ISLANDS, German SAMOA (WESTERN SAMOA),
German NEW GUINEA and KIAUTSCHOU in China.
After the defeat of Germany in World War I, it lost its overseas colonies and the European
territories of: DANZIG, MEMEL (KLAIPEDA), SAAR, Northern SCHLESWIG and UPPER SILESIA.
In 1919-1920 the German territories of RHINELAND, EUPEN AND MALMEDY
(see also EUPEN and MALMEDY separately) were occupied by the Belgian army,
to be temporarily reoccupied by Germany during World War II.
Germany also maintained overseas Post Offices in LEVANT, German P.O.,
CHINA, German P.O. and MOROCCO, German P.O..
Stamp issuing between 1872-1945. In 1923 inflation in Germany ran so high that
stamps face value had to be surcharged almost weekly, going up to fifty billion
marks. For stamps later than 1945 (after the defeat of Germany and the fall down
of the third Reich) see GERMANY, Zones.
DEUTSCHE NATIONAL VERSAMMLUNG
DEUTSCHE FLUGPOST in Gothic script
DEUTSCHES REICH in Gothic script
DEUTSCHES REICH overprinted in Gothic script on stamps of Bavaria
DEUTSCHES REICH overprinted in Gothic script on stamps of Wurttemberg
DEUTSCHES REICH overprinted in Gothic script on stamps of Danzig
INSELPOST overprinted on stamps of Germany
Military Fieldpost Stamps
|30 Groschen = 1 Thaler
60 Kreuzer = 1 Gulden
100 Pfennig = 1 Mark (1875)
100 Rentenpfennig = 1 Rentenmark (1923)
100 Pfennig = 1 Reichsmark (1928)
North German Confederation
Alsace And Lorraine
South West Africa
South West Africa
Samoa (western Samoa)
Eupen And Malmedy
Levant, German P.o.
China, German P.o.
Morocco, German P.o.